Paris Agreement

Preliminary data


Present Day

UKESM1-0-LL Rainfall mm/month


Shown above is the simulated UKESM1-0-LL average annual rainfall per month for the 1981-2010 period. This period is often referred to as the ‘present-day’ by climate researchers. The model has been set up with actual historical amounts of greenhouse gases and other atmospheric pollutants. UKESM1-0-LL is the flagship UK Earth system climate model, designed for the latest U.N. Climate Assessment. Learn more about the model: here .


UKESM1-0-LL Rainfall change mm/month


These are simulated average changes in rainfall (mm per month) by the end of the current century (for the 30-year period 2071-2100) in a scenario where the UNFCC Paris Agreement is agreed to – and greenhouse gas emissions result in a global-mean temperature of less than 2°C.

Statistics for: London

What is the annual average rainfall as simulated by UKESM1-0-LL in the gridcell? Here we can compare the 'present-day' temperature (i.e. 1981-2010 average) with the simulated temperature change 150 years after aggressive global warming. You can the search bar at the top to change location. Enter any international city or town recognised by Google Maps.

Annual average for 1981-2010: mm/month

Change by 2071-2100: mm/month

New annual rainfall by 2071-2100: mm/month


Current climate


Future climate


City statistics

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