Preliminary data


Present Day

Model average Rainfall mm/month


Shown above is the simulated mean annual rainfall (mm per month) for the 1981-2010 period using all four CRESCENDO models. This period is often referred to as the ‘present-day’ by climate researcher. The model has been set up with actual historically-observed amounts of greenhouse gases and other atmospheric pollutants. 


Model average Rainfall change mm/month


These are simulated average annual rainfall changes (mm per month) for the future period of 2071-2100 under the SSP2-4.5  scenario of greenhouse gas emissions. This scenario is a ‘middle-of-the-road’ imagination of the future – it represents a world where some reduction of greenhouse gases occurs (but not as much as the Paris Agreement requirements).

Statistics for: London

What is the annual average rainfall as simulated by MMM in the gridcell? Here we can compare the 'present-day' temperature (i.e. 1981-2010 average) with the simulated temperature change 150 years after aggressive global warming. You can the search bar at the top to change location. Enter any international city or town recognised by Google Maps.

Annual average for 1981-2010: mm/month

Change by 2071-2100: mm/month

New annual rainfall by 2071-2100: mm/month


Current climate


Future climate


City statistics

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